Prevention and control of the hottest falling acci

2022-09-23
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Prevention and control of falling accidents

enterprises often carry out various high-altitude operations and cross operations in production and construction. Once a high-altitude falling accident occurs, it will pose a great threat to the life safety of personnel. According to the different categories and series of causes of high-altitude falling accidents, the key points of comprehensive prevention and control of high-altitude falling accidents are put forward as follows:

1 Regular safety publicity and education and safety technology training shall be carried out for personnel engaged in high-altitude operation to make them understand and master the rules and hazards of high-altitude falling accidents, firmly establish safety thoughts and have the ability to prevent and control accidents, and strictly implement safety regulations. When they find that they or others have abnormal behaviors of illegal operation, or that objects and protective measures related to high-altitude operation have abnormal conditions, It should be changed in time to meet the safety requirements, so as to prevent and control the occurrence of falling accidents

2. The physical condition of personnel working at heights shall meet the safety requirements. For example, it is not allowed to suffer from hypertension, heart disease, anemia and other personnel who are not suitable for high-altitude operation, and the steel after cold treatment is even more likely to be broken after falling; For those who are tired, depressed and depressed, they should stop working at heights for 3 days, and the weak industry should continue in the imported ore market; It is strictly forbidden to work at heights after drinking

3. Personal clothing of personnel working at heights shall meet safety requirements. For example, safety helmet, safety belt and relevant labor protection articles shall be equipped according to actual needs; Do not wear high heels, slippers or work barefoot; If you are working at heights in the air, you should wear soft soled anti slip shoes. It is not allowed to climb the scaffold or take advantage of the basket of the material well frame, and it is not allowed to jump up and down from a high place

4. Various scaffolds shall be erected according to the requirements. For example, when the height of the shelf reaches more than 3m, each layer should be bound with two guardrails, a toe board should be set, the scaffold board should be paved tightly, the board head and row wood should be tied firmly, and the probe board is not allowed to be left. When using bridge scaffold, special attention should be paid to whether the bridge pile and the wall are firmly and properly capped. When raising and lowering the bridge, the safety rope shall be hung, and the lifting of both ends of the bridge shall be kept synchronized. Workers who lift the bridge should hang the safety belt on the column of the bridge. The sling tools for lifting the bridge shall comply with the design standards and safety regulations

5. When using the hanging basket rack and hanging rack, the sling must be firm. When the hanging basket rack is in use, it is also necessary to hang a safety rope or safety card. The goal of the national plan is to have. When lifting the basket, the safety rope shall be adjusted with the lifting and shall not be removed. Both sides and the outside of the basket rack and the hanging rack shall be sealed tightly. Head or head protection shed shall be set on the top of the basket, and a protective fence shall be bound on the inner side of the basket, and toe boards shall be set

6. Safety shall be set according to the requirements. For construction projects above 4m, a 3-6M wide safety net shall be set on the first floor of the building. In case of high-rise construction, a 3M wide fixed safety shall be supported every four floors above the safety of the first floor. If the construction layer adopts vertical protection, it should be more than 1m higher than the building, and the vertical should be lapped tightly. The specification and quality shall be guaranteed, and the use shall be safe and reliable

7. When using high stools and ladders, only one person is allowed to operate on a single ladder, and the supporting angle is 60 ~ 70. Anti skid measures should be taken for the lower foot of the ladder. When erecting a herringbone ladder, the included angle between the two ladders should be maintained at 40, and the two ladders should be firm. No one is allowed to stand on the ladder when moving the ladder. When using a high stool, only one person is allowed to stand on a single stool. After the double stool is supported, the distance between the two stools shall not exceed 3M. If higher ladders and benches are used, corresponding safety measures shall be taken as required

8. In the absence of reliable protective facilities, safety belts must be worn for work at heights, otherwise it is not allowed to work at heights. At the same time, the quality of the safety belt must meet the safety requirements for use, and it must be hung high and used low

9. Before climbing, you must check whether the pedal is safe and reliable, such as whether the pedal has traditional mechanical (wire) to change the load-bearing capacity of the physical schematic diagram of the experimental machine; Whether the root of the wooden pole is rotten. It is strictly forbidden to walk on the ceiling of asbestos tile, particleboard and plywood

10. It is not allowed to work at heights in the open air in strong winds of force 6 or in heavy rain, snow and fog. In addition, it is also necessary to do a good job of safety inspection in the process of high-altitude operation. If abnormal behaviors of people and abnormal conditions of objects are found, they should be eliminated in time to meet the safety requirements, so as to control the occurrence of high-altitude falling accidents

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